isa small province located just 56 Kms. from Bangkok. The
province features an ancient religious structure called “Phra
Pathom Chedi”, the first religious landmark that signified the
influx of Buddhism into Thailand. Nakhon Pathom is also renowned
for its abundant fruits varieties and famous dishes.
Formerly situated by the sea, the city prospered during the
Dvaravati civilisation. According to archaeological findings,
Nakhon Pathom was the first city to possess influences of
Buddhism and Indian civilisations. From the Phra Pathom Chedi
and other remains discovered in the city area, it is believed
that the city was a centre of civilisation in that era. People
of different races settled in Nakhon Pathom. However, a change
in the course of the river caused a draught that forced the
people to migrate and settle on the banks of river, and these
communities developed into towns. The new town was called
“Nakhon Chaisi” or “Sirichai”,
leaving Nakhon Pathom deserted for hundreds of years until
the reign of King Rama IV. While His Majesty was in monk hood,
he travelled to Nakhon Pathom and found the Phra Pathom Chedi
that he regarded to be the largest pagoda of all.
When King Rama IV ascended to the throne, he commanded that a bell
shaped Chedi be built to cover the former Chedi. The surrounding
area was also renovated and improved. He also commanded that a
water canal be dug to facilitate commuting, which was called
Chedi Bucha canal. During the reign of King Rama V, the
construction of railways to the south began, at that time Nakhon
Pathom was still a heavily forested area. King Rama V also
commanded that the town be relocated from Tambon Thana, Amphoe
Nakhon Chaisi, to the Phra Pathom Chedi area as it used to be.
Nakhon Pathom has been there ever since.
During the reign of King Rama VI, a palace was built at Tambon
Sanam Chan as a temporary residence on his travels and many
roads were constructed. A large bridge was also built over the
Chedi Bucha canal, which His Majesty named “Saphan
Later, he commanded that the name of Nakhon Chaisi be
changed to Nakhon Pathom, but the name of the prefecture
was still called “Nakhon Chaisi” until the reign of King Rama
VII when the calling of the prefecture was ended. Nakhon Chaisi
is now one of the districts in Nakhon Pathom.
Nakhon Pathom covers an area of 2,168 square kilometres or
542,081.6 acres. It is divided into 7 administrative districts
or Amphoe, they are: Amphoe Muang Nakhon Pathom, Amphoe
Buddhamonthon, Amphoe Sam Phran, Amphoe Nakhon Chaisi, Amphoe
Bang Len, Amphoe Kamphaeng Saen, and Amphoe Don Toom.
Most of the areas are plains with no mountainous land, plateau
are found in the west east of Amphoe Muang and Amphoe Kamphaeng
Saen. The plains along the Tha Cheen River (Nakhon Chaisi River)
are the location of Amphoe Nakhon Chaisi, Amphoe Sam Phran, and
Amphoe Bang Len. These fertile lands provide agricultural area
for people, thus most of the residents earn their living from
agriculture; plantations, farming, growing food crops, and fruit
orchards. Especially so of pomelo. Nakhon Pathom is well known
for pomelo, some call the Nakhon Pathom the sweet pomelo town.
Distances from Amphoe Muang to
neighbouring Amphoe (districts) :
Amphoe Nakhon Chaisi 14 Kms.
Amphoe Buddhamonthon 20 Kms.
Amphoe Sam Phran 21 Kms.
Amphoe Kamphaengsaen 26 Kms.
Amphoe Don Toom 31 Kms.
Amphoe Bang Len 46 Kms.