Ayutthaya

Attractions - Outside City Wall, Ayutthaya

Chankasem or Front Palace

On the bank of Pasak River, this palace was built during the reign of King Maha Thammaraja, the 17th Ayutthayan monarch, for his sonís residence (King Naresuan). Like other ruins, the palace was destroyed by the Burmese and lift unrepaired for a long time. King Mongkut of the present Chakri dynasty ordered reconstructoin of this palace for use as a residence during his occasional visits to Ayutthaya. Some of the more interesting sites are :

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City Wall and Gate

They were newly constructed by the command of King Rama IV. The original foundation of the city wall has since been found through excavation, thus revealing that the original area was much more spacious than what is currently seen.

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Phlapphla Chaturamuk

This wooden four gabled roof pavilion is near the east gate of the palace. Originally, a residential place of King Mongkut during his visit to Ayutthaya.

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Phimarn Rattaya Hall

A group of buildings located amidst the compound of the grand palace, which once served as government offices and the Provincial Administrative Building for several years.

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Pphisai Sanyalak Hall

This is a four storey high tower located close to the western side of the Grand Palace.

It was originally constructed during the 2 nd fall of Ayutthaya. It was reconstructed according to the original foundation in the fourth reign. King Rama IV used the Tower to observe th stars.

The palace is now used as a national museum. It has been decorated for demonstration of antiques such as Chainaware, ancient weapons, King Rama IVís personal things for daily life, Buddha images, sculptures and votive tablets of different times. The museum is open everyday from 09.00-16.00 hrs. except Monday, Tuesday, and national holidays.

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Wat Senasanaram

This ancient monastery named "Wat Sua" is behind Chankasem Palace. The main attractions are two Buddha images: Phra Samphuttha Muni, the principal image enshrined in the Ubosot, and Phra In Plaeng enshrined in the Wihan; both were transferred from Vientiane.

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Wat Suwandaram Ratchaworawihan

is the monastery within the royal compound, located to the southwest on the edge of Pom Phet, an ancient fort. First, it was called "Wat Thong". Established in the Ayutthaya period, the monastery was extended and restored several times during the reigns of the Chakri kings. The mural paintings on the upper part of the inside wall of the Ubosot depict the gathering of the deities, and on the lower part, the jataka stories of Wetsandon, Temi, and Suwannasam are described.
The front wall shows a picture of the Buddha subduing evil. Within the Vihara, there is a picture of the bravery of King Naresuan the Great, which is a masterpiece of several copies found in many places.

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Wang Lang or the Rear Palace

This palace is located close to the western city wall of Ayutthaya (in the vicinity of the present location of the distillery plant of the Excise Department). It was originally the garden where the king made a visit from time to time. There was only one residential building in the entire area. King Maha Thammaracha commanded more buildings to be built in the area to mark it a palace was only the residence of royal family members, so now no one can see the important items.

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Chedi Phra Si Suriyothai

The memorial for the first heroine in Thai history, is located in Ko Muang to the west. Among various places of interest within the Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Historical Park, this ancient place is of much importance as a proof of honor that ancient Thai society gave to Thai women.

Phra Si Suriyothai was the royal consort of Phra Mahachakkraphat. In 1548, only 7 months after being crowned as king he was challenged by a Burmese attack under the supervision of Phrachao Tabeng Chaweti and his warlord, Burengnong. The Burmese army intruded into the kingdom through the Three Pagoda Pass in Kanchanaburi and came to set up military camps around the royal compound. During the fighting on elephant back, Phra Mahachakkaraphat faced danger. Phra Si Suriyothai, clad in a warrior's suit, interrupted the fighting with the intention to provide assistance for her husband. she rode her elephant in the way of Phrachao Prae, a Burmese commander, and was cut to death by his sword. after the end of the war, Phra Mahachakkraphat arranged a funeral and established the cremation site to be a temple named "Wat Sopsawan".

In the reign of King Rama V, there was a quest for the historical sites as mentioned in the royal chronicle. The exact location of Wat Sopsawan was identified with a large indented stupa which was renamed by King Rama VI as Chedi Phra Si Suriyothai.
In 1990, the government assigned the Fine Arts Department and the National Security Command to restore the chedi, which had deteriorated over time. Fortunately, on 20 May 1990, some antique objects were found such as a white rock crystal Buddha image in the posture of subduing Mara, a chedi replica, and a golden reliquary. These ancient objects were brought to be under the care of the Chao Sam Phraya National Museum.

 

Chedi

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  Monument  
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  portrait  
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Si Suriyothai Park

Is located within the area of the Ayutthaya liquor plant adjacent to Chedi Phra Si Suriyothai. On its total area of 5 rai, there is a common building, a Somdet Phra Si Suriyothai pavilion, a mound with marble Semas (boundary stones of a temple) aged over 400 years where the fragmented parts of Buddha images taken from Wat Phutthaisawan were buried, etc. the liquor distillery organization, who sponsored the construction of the park, wished to devoted all good deeds in transforming the former inner part of the royal compound to all of the late kings who used to live here before. King Rama IX graciously named the park "Suan Si Suriyothai" on 25 May, 1989. Then, the park was conferred to Her Majesty Queen Sirikit on the eve of her 60th birthday anniversary. The park opens daily for the public from 09.00-17.00 hrs.

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  Si Suriyothai Monument  
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Wat Lokkayasutha

This monastery is over a kilometer behind Wat Suanluangsopsawan adjacent to Wat Worachettharam. Accessible by the road inside the compound of the distillery plant, or through the road behind the Phlapphla Trimuk (three-gabled roof pavilion), it is in the area of the ancient palace passing Wat Woraphot and Wat Worachettharam going to the site of the large reclining Buddha, made of brick and covered with plaster, approximately 29 meters long. Many large hexagonal pillar ruins near the image are believed to be the ruins of the Ubosot.

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  Wat Lokkasuya  
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Wat Kasattrathirat Worawihan

Is the monastery located outside Ko Muang, opposite Chedi Phra Si Suriyothai, on the bank of the Chao Phraya river. Its former name was Kasattra or Kasattraram. It is an ancient temple of the Ayutthaya period with a main Prang (stupa) as its center.

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  Wat Kasattrathiraj  
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Wat Chaiwatthanaram ***

Another monastery that is located on the bank of Chaophraya River, on the west of the city island. King Prasat Thong commanded it built. The great beauty has been reflected from the main stupa and its satellite stupas along the gallery, an architecture influenced by Khmer. Traveling can be made by river form Chankasem Palace. A long-tailed boat service is available at 300-400 Baht for a round trip, consuming about one hour.

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  Wat Chaiwattanaram  
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Wat Phutthaisawan

Is the monastery situated on the riverbank opposite Ko Muang to the south. Travel by car along the route Ayutthaya - Sena to the west of Ko Muang. After passing the bridge in front of Wat Kasattrathirat, turn left to Wat Chaiwattanaram. Follow the direction signs, you will find a left turn to Wat Phutthaisawan. This monastery was built in the area where King U-Thong moved to establish his city. The area was first known as Wiang Lek, named after the royal palace of King U-Thong the most interesting part of Wat Phutthaisawan is the great principal Buddha image; its style is of the early Ayutthaya period.

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  Wat Budthaisawan  
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Mu Baan Portuguese **

is the Portuguese village located in Tambon Samphao Lorn, on the west bank of the Chao Phraya river and to the south of the city. The Portuguese were the first Europeans who traveled to trade with the Ayutthaya kingdom. In 1511, Al Fonco De Al Buquerq, the Portuguese governor to Asia, dispatched a diplomatic troupe led by ambassador Mr.Du Arte Fernandes to Ayutthaya during the reign of King Ramathibodi II. After that, some Portuguese came to the kingdom for different purposes: trade, military volunteers in the Ayutthaya army, or on a religious mission. They built a church as the center of their community and to serve religious purposes.

Presently, some traces of former construction have been found at the village site. At the ancient remains of San Petro, a Dominican church, some antique objects were excavated together with human skeletons such as tobacco pipes, coins, and accessories for a religious ceremony.

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Wat Phukhao Thong

Located two kilometers northeast of the grand palace, this monastery was constructed in the year 1387 during the reign of King Ramesuan.

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  Wat Phukaothong, stays behind the King Naresuan's monument  
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Elephant Lae Pavilion

The pavilion, utilized as the royal seat to witness the elephant round up, is located 4 kilometres from the city along Highway No. 309. The outlook is a big cage surrounded with logs having, from the front centre, fencing lines of 45 degrees spread out to both sides far away into the jungle area. Around the kraal itself, is an earthen wall with bricks to the height of the pillarsítop. Behind the kraal currently seen was renovated in the year 1957.
 

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Wat Na Phrameru ***
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The former name of this monastery was Wat Phra Merurachikaram. Located on the bank of Khlong Sabua opposite the grand palace, the date of construction is unknown. The Ubosot design is of very old typical Thai style. The most interesting objects are the principal Buddha image, fully decorated in regal attire, and another image make of black stone in the small Wihan.

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  Ubosot, unique Thai Style built  
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Wat Kudidao

Located in front of the railway station to the east, this old monastery has beautiful work with better craftsmanship than many other temples, but it has deteriorated to a high degree.

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Wat Samanakot

Located near Wat Kudidao, it was renovated by Chao Phraya Kosa (Lek) and Phraya Kosa (Pan) during the reign of King Narai the great. The main attraction is a large Prang having an unusual outlook different from the others. It is believed to imitate the design of Chedi Chet Yot of Chiangmai.

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Wat Yai Chaimongkhon or Wat Chao Phraya Thai ****
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This monastery constructed in the reign of King U-Thong is located outside the city to the southeast in the same direction as the railway station; one can see its large pagodas from far away. King Naresuan the great commanded the pagoda built to celebrate the victory of his single-handed combat on the elephant's back. he also aimed at a huge construction to match the large pagoda of Wat Phukhao Thong, and named it "Phra Chedi Chaiyamongkhon".

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Wat Phananchoeng ***

This monastery located south of Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya has no record as to its date of construction , or the person causing its construction. It existed before Ayutthaya was founded as the capital. The principal image in the Wihan called "Phrachao Phananchoeng" was built in a.d. 1325; it is made of stucco in the attitude of subduing evil; considered beautiful, it is most revered by the inhabitants of Ayutthaya.

 
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Japanese Village

This is located 1.5 kilometers far from Wat Phanancheong in Tambon Ko Rien. There is an additional building of the Ayutthaya Historical Study Center, where the foreign affairs of Ayutthaya Period are on exhibition.

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